Comparison Between Integrated Circuits & Microprocessors

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Since the development of integrated circuits (ICs), how embedded systems work has evolved significantly. Electronics experts could develop high-tech computers like laptops and cell phones by placing transistor circuits on a single chip. People commonly discuss integrated circuits and microprocessors when discussing how embedded systems work. What are these parts, how do they differ, and what do they have to do with embedded systems? In this post, we’ll discuss how they function together and how they’ve helped move the embedded systems industry into the 21st century. Obtain the top quality wholesale electronic component from us, being integrated circuit suppliers.

What is an IC:

In the early days, vacuum tubes were there to construct the logic circuits of computers. The first computer was hard for most people to use since it was huge and hard to assemble. The transistor, which controls the flow of current or voltage and works as a switch for electrical impulses, helped to make up for these shortcomings, but it still had its problems.

With the help of the integrated circuit (IC), electronic signals like transistors might be for use in a much smaller and more profitable way. The integrated circuit, frequently called a chip or microchip, is a semiconductor wafer. It mainly comprises silicon that integrates several electrical circuits, such as resistors, transistors, capacitors, and diodes, that work together to execute a given purpose. Depending on its computational capability, a single integrated circuit can have anywhere from thousands to millions of these electrical circuits.

Integrated Circuit:

Incorporating integrated circuits into the architecture of embedded systems has been crucial to the evolution and improvement of electronic circuitry. Before the integrated circuit, circuits were built using discrete components like transistors, resistors, and capacitors linked together on a circuit board. These components used to be housed on separate, larger chips, but with the advent of the IC, they may all fit on one.

Nowadays, integrated circuits are frequently used in electrical product design. They may be entirely analog, entirely digital, or a hybrid of the two. In addition to their application in amplifiers and visual processors, ICs are also found in computer memory, switches, and microprocessors.

I need to know how a microprocessor operates.

Thus, can we say that an IC is synonymous with a microprocessor? In fact, it’s going to be quite challenging. Microprocessors are single-chip computer processors that perform all the tasks typically handled by multiple components. Use it in a computer to do the necessary logical and mathematical operations so that memory and peripheral ICs can do their jobs.

Microprocessor’s On-Board Chip On a Printed Circuit Board:

A computer’s central processing unit (CPU) comprises transistors and, later, small-scale integrate circuits. They were attached to a circuit board in separate spots. Since these components can now be integrated into a single chip thanks to the development of the microprocessor, the size of these technologies has shrunk significantly.

We often employ microprocessors when the task is not one we have already programmed. Microprocessors are used in applications where the user’s actions are crucial, such as computers and video games. Due to their versatility, microprocessors excel in such environments.

The Importance of Integrated Circuits and Microprocessors in Modern Embedded Systems:

Nowadays, sophisticated embedded systems wouldn’t be possible without integrated circuits. The electronic circuitry of modern portable gadgets like smartphones, tablets, and laptops is made possible by integrated circuits. The semiconductor chip is a type of integrated circuit.

Microprocessors are widely used in embedded system designs by embedded system engineers. The microprocessor manages an embedded system’s central processing unit (CPU). The central processing unit (CPU) is responsible for processing data received from other memory and input/output devices by performing a variety of arithmetic and logical operations based on instructions retrieved and decoded from the main memory.

Repairing Software and Creating Hardware Embedded Systems using Integrated Circuits

Integrating circuits (ICs) like microprocessors requires a communication protocol to share information with other components. Many common data transfer protocols microprocessors use include I2C, SPI, and USB. Embedded systems can be challenging to construct and design with so many moving elements (including the microprocessor/microcontroller, memory devices, and I/O peripherals). Each component must contribute to a well-functioning whole.

Engineers may evaluate the performance of systems and ensure that all of its components are functioning properly with the help of testing and debugging tools like host adapters and protocol analyzers. With these tools, users can quickly and easily simulate master and slave devices, program memory, and monitor the bus for communication problems.

Complete Phase’s host adapters and protocol analyzers are flexible enough for various applications.

The Host Adapter

Users can interface with their I2C and/or SPI systems thanks to Total Phase’s host adapters, such the Aardvark I2C/SPI Host Adapter, Cheetah SPI Host Adapter, and Promira Serial Platform. They have many applications, including rapid prototyping, system emulation, and flash programming at high speeds.

If you need a host adapter to handle the I2C and SPI protocols, look no further than the Aardvark. It can operate as a master or slave on the I2C bus at up to 800 kHz, as a master on the SPI bus at up to 8 MHz, and as a slave on the SPI bus at up to 4 MHz.

When acting as a master, the Cheetah SPI Host Adapter can have SPI transfer rates of 40+ MHz.

Total Phase’s Promira Serial Platform has been their most cutting-edge serial product. We constructed it on an upgradeable platform tailored to the specific requirements of an individual user’s I2C and/or SPI project regarding speed, GPIOs, slave selections, etc. This device can have I2C master and slave rates of up to 3.4 MHz, SPI master speeds of up to 80 MHz, and SPI slave speeds of up to 20 MHz, depending on the application and level.

Protocol Analyzers

The Beagle I2C/SPI Protocol Analyzer and the family of Beagle USB Protocol Analyzers from Total Phase enable users to monitor I2C, SPI, and USB (USB 2.0 and USB 3.0) communication on the bus in real time. Bus faults, low-level bus events, and other information are all readily visible to users.


Embedded systems require knowledge of microprocessors and integrated circuits. The development of integrated circuits has facilitated the widespread implementation of transistors and other electronic circuits. Because without integrated circuits, microprocessors wouldn’t even be possible.

Microprocessors allow us to embed central processing unit (CPU) capability into gadgets. What this means is that the devices we use on a daily basis can now perform sophisticated tasks and calculations. These components simplify our lives, but developing reliable systems is challenging. The process of testing and validating a system can be simplified with the correct tools.

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