What are the Different Types of Deposits in NBFCs? How is it Different from Banks?

Deposits in NBFCs

When it comes to managing finances, individuals and businesses often rely on banks as the primary choice for depositing funds. However, NBFCs have emerged as an alternative avenue for depositing money and earning interest. NBFCs offer a wide range of deposit products, each with its own unique features and benefits. Understanding the types of deposits offered by NBFCs and their differences from banks is essential for making informed financial decisions.

Understanding NBFCs

Before exploring the different types of deposits, it’s crucial to have a basic understanding of NBFCs. NBFCs are financial institutions that provide banking and financial services, similar to banks, but operate without a banking license. They play a significant role in channelling funds to sectors that may have limited access to traditional banking services. NBFCs can offer various financial products, including loans, insurance, investment schemes, and deposits.

Types of Deposits in NBFCs

NBFCs offer several types of deposits that cater to the diverse needs and preferences of depositors. Let’s take a closer look at some of the popular deposit options available:

1. Fixed Deposits (FDs)

Fixed Deposits, commonly known as FDs, are a type of deposit where a fixed amount of money is deposited for a specific period at a predetermined interest rate. The interest rates offered by NBFCs on FDs may vary based on factors like deposit tenure and prevailing market conditions. FDs provide a stable and secure investment option with assured returns upon maturity.

2. Recurring Deposits (RDs)

Recurring Deposits, or RDs, allow depositors to save a fixed amount of money regularly over a specific period. RDs are suitable for individuals who want to build savings over time. The interest rates offered on RDs in NBFCs may vary, and the final maturity amount depends on the monthly deposits and the interest earned.

3. Monthly Income Schemes (MIS)

Monthly Income Schemes, also known as MIS, are designed to provide a regular source of income to depositors. Under this scheme, individuals deposit a lump sum amount, and in return, NBFCs offer monthly interest payments. MIS is ideal for individuals seeking a fixed monthly income without withdrawing the principal amount.

4. Cumulative Deposits

Cumulative Deposits are similar to Fixed Deposits but differ in the payout structure. In cumulative deposits, the interest is compounded over the deposit tenure, and the maturity amount is paid as a lump sum at the end of the tenure. This type of deposit is suitable for individuals who can afford to keep the funds locked for a specific period and want to earn higher returns.

5. Non-Cumulative Deposits

Non-Cumulative Deposits are the opposite of cumulative deposits. Here, the interest earned is paid out periodically, either monthly, quarterly, or annually, depending on the depositor’s choice. This type of deposit is ideal for individuals who require regular interest income while keeping the principal amount intact.

6. Flexi Deposits

Flexi Deposits offer flexibility to depositors in terms of deposit amounts and tenures. Depositors can choose to deposit varying amounts at different intervals and enjoy the convenience of liquidity. The interest rates may vary depending on the deposit amount and tenure chosen.

Differences between NBFCs and Banks

While NBFCs provide services similar to banks, there are certain key differences between the two. Let’s explore these differences to understand how NBFCs and banks vary:

Regulatory Framework

Banks operate under the regulatory framework of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and are subject to strict guidelines and regulations. On the other hand, NBFCs are regulated by the RBI but have more flexibility in their operations compared to banks. The regulatory requirements for NBFCs are generally less stringent.

Deposit Insurance

Banks are covered under the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC), which provides insurance coverage up to Rs. 5 lakh per depositor per bank. In contrast, deposits in NBFCs are not covered under DICGC. This means that in case of an NBFC’s failure, depositors may not have the same level of protection as in banks.

Loan Offerings

Banks have the authority to provide a wide range of loans, including personal loans, home loans, business loans, and more. NBFCs, although they can offer loans, may have certain restrictions on the types and amounts of loans they can provide. NBFCs typically focus on specific sectors or niche markets.

Interest Rates

Interest rates on deposits offered by NBFCs may vary from those offered by banks. While banks generally have a broader customer base and more competitive interest rates, NBFCs often provide higher interest rates on deposits to attract customers. However, it’s essential to compare interest rates and evaluate the overall credibility and reputation of the NBFC before making any decisions.

Fixed Deposit Interest Rates in NBFCs

When considering depositing funds in NBFCs, one of the significant factors to consider is the interest rates offered on fixed deposits. The interest rates may vary between NBFCs and banks due to several factors. Let’s explore these factors and understand how fixed deposit interest rates in NBFCs work:

Factors Affecting FD Interest Rates

  1. Credit Rating: NBFCs with a higher credit rating are generally perceived as more stable and reliable. Depositors are likely to earn higher interest rates when investing in highly-rated NBFCs.
  2. Market Conditions: The prevailing market conditions, such as the repo rate set by the Reserve Bank of India, inflation rates, and liquidity in the market, can influence interest rates.
  3. Tenure: Longer deposit tenures may attract higher interest rates as they involve a higher commitment of funds from depositors.
  4. Competition: The competitive landscape among NBFCs and banks can impact the interest rates offered. NBFCs may offer competitive rates to attract customers.

Comparison with Banks

While NBFCs may offer higher interest rates on fixed deposits, it’s essential to compare them with banks’ offerings. Banks are generally considered more secure due to deposit insurance coverage and stringent regulatory oversight. However, NBFCs may appeal to individuals seeking higher returns and can tolerate a certain level of risk.

Advantages of Deposits in NBFCs

Depositing funds in NBFCs can offer several advantages. Let’s explore some of the benefits of choosing NBFCs for deposits:

Higher Interest Rates

NBFCs often provide higher interest rates compared to banks. Individuals looking to maximize their returns on deposits may find NBFC more appealing. However, it’s crucial to assess the credibility and financial stability of the NBFC before making any deposit decisions.

Flexible Tenures

NBFC typically offer flexible deposit tenures, allowing depositors to choose a duration that suits their financial goals. Whether it’s a short-term or long-term investment objective, NBFC provide options to cater to different needs.

Easy Application Process

Opening a deposit account with an NBFC is usually a straightforward and hassle-free process. The application and documentation requirements are minimal, making it convenient for individuals to initiate the deposit.

Disadvantages of Deposits in NBFCs

While NBFCs have their advantages, it’s essential to be aware of the potential drawbacks before deciding to deposit funds. Some of the disadvantages include:

Higher Risk

Compared to banks, NBFC may carry a higher level of risk. They are not covered under the deposit insurance provided by DICGC. If an NBFC fails, depositors may face challenges in recovering their funds.

Lack of Deposit Insurance

As mentioned earlier, deposits in NBFC are not covered under DICGC’s deposit insurance. This lack of insurance coverage means that depositors have to rely on the financial stability and credibility of the NBFC to safeguard their funds.

Limited Branch Network

NBFC generally have a more limited branch network compared to banks. This can pose challenges for individuals who prefer in-person banking services or easy access to their deposits.


NBFCs offer a range of deposit options for individuals and businesses, providing an alternative avenue for earning interest on their funds. Understanding the different types of deposits available in NBFC and how they differ from banks is crucial for making informed financial decisions. While NBFC may offer higher interest rates, they also come with certain risks. Before depositing funds, it’s important to thoroughly research and assess the credibility and financial stability of the NBFC. By considering the advantages and disadvantages, individuals can choose the deposit option that best aligns with their financial goals and risk tolerance.

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